COPD (Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)
Most of the COPD patients in Europe and the USA are/were cigarette smokers, while the main trigger in Asia is opened fire cooking. There is also an inheritable form of COPD due to the deficiency of Enzyme α1-Antitrypsin, which accounts for 2% of all COPD cases. COPD is cannot be cured and only its symptoms can be relieved. The diagnosis of COPD is very time consuming as many of the symptoms are overlapped with those of asthma. COPD is at present listed as the fourth leading cause of death in the USA, and the WHO estimates that by 2030, COPD will become the #1 cause of death worldwide. More information can be found on the webpage of WHO.
The smoker's lung (COPD) affects 20 % of all cigarette smokers in our society and is at 1.5 % due to a genetic fault. In the US the smoker's lung was the third leading cause of death in 2009. In other cultures inhaling ash containing air causes the hearth for COPD. As with the asthma was also adopted for the COPD that chronic inflammation is due to an increased immune response against components of the smoke. The smoker's lung is not curable, only the course can be delayed with medications. New models of explanation: In the past 10 years, several studies have shown that there is in addition to the chronic inflammation in COPD for change of lung tissue. These structural changes occur in COPD in the lower respiratory tract and there is evidence that they are the root cause of the inflammation. On this basis we are looking for new diagnostic and treatment methods.